Studies have shown the relationship between reproductive health disorders and the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases in women. Dysmenorrhea increased the risk of coronary heart disease, and polycystic ovary syndrome increased the risk of arterial hypertension.
Two studies examining the relationship between conditions associated with menstrual irregularities and the development of cardiovascular disease will be presented during the AHA 2023 annual meeting of the American Heart Association. Preliminary results are published on EurekAlert.
Scientists from Kaiser Permanente Medical Center in Oakland assessed the effect of polycystic ovary syndrome on the likelihood of high blood pressure among 170 thousand girls aged 13-17 years. It turned out that the prevalence of high blood pressure was significantly higher among adolescents with polycystic ovary syndrome compared to participants without the disease (18.6 and 6.9%, respectively).
The analysis showed that in the presence of the syndrome, the risk of hypertension (increased blood pressure above 130/80 mmHg) increased by 30%. The authors emphasize the importance of regular monitoring of blood pressure levels and lifestyle changes in the presence of polycystic ovary syndrome.
Researchers from the Hasso Plattner Institute at Mount Sinai University have identified a link between dysmenorrhea and coronary heart disease. The study involved 55 thousand women under 50 years of age. The analysis showed that among participants with dysmenorrhea, the likelihood of coronary heart disease doubled. In addition, women with dysmenorrhea were three times more likely to experience angina.
The authors believe that dysmenorrhea is an important risk factor for heart disease in young women, which must be taken into account when assessing the risk of developing pathologies.
According to Evgeniy Alleva from the Hasso Plattner Institute, modern prognostic techniques have been developed for older people and mainly for men. At the same time, in young women, when assessing cardiovascular risk, it is important to take into account factors associated with menstrual irregularities. More research is needed to examine the impact of reproductive system diseases on long-term cardiovascular risks in women.