According to a WSO report published in The Lancet, stroke is named the second leading cause of death in the world, the third leading cause of disability and the leading cause of dementia. The absolute number of people affected by stroke (including deaths and disability) has doubled over the past 30 years, with 86% of the global disease burden occurring in low- and middle-income countries. The incidence of the disease in people under 55 years of age also continues to rise in low- and middle-income countries.
Experts believe that mortality from stroke will increase by 50% by 2050, from 6.6 million to 9.7 million cases. At the same time, the number of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) will increase over the same period from 144.8 million to 189.3 million.
Factors that increase the risk of developing the disease, experts call uncontrolled hypertension, lack of easily accessible highly qualified medical care, lack of attention and funding for stroke prevention programs, air pollution, population growth, and unhealthy lifestyle. In addition, infectious diseases have an impact.
The authors believe that many cases of stroke can be prevented through lifestyle changes, such as a healthy diet, physical activity, quitting smoking, and limiting alcohol consumption. Effective medical intervention in the first hours after a stroke can reduce the negative consequences.
Scientists call for urgent action and the development of comprehensive strategies to improve the quality of emergency care, prevention and rehabilitation of patients with stroke. These steps, they believe, can significantly reduce the global burden of stroke and help achieve global health goals.