The CDC has updated the list of diseases that carry high risks of COVID-19. As MedScape found, substance use disorders appeared on the list for the first time.
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Other diseases have moved from the category of conditions that “may” increase risk to the high-risk category. These are type 1 diabetes, severe and moderate asthma, liver disease, dementia and other neurological diseases, stroke or cerebrovascular disease, HIV infection, cystic fibrosis and excess body weight.
Thus, groups of diseases have formed that increase the likelihood of severe COVID-19. Chronic lung diseases include COPD, asthma, cystic fibrosis, interstitial lung disease, and pulmonary hypertension. Heart diseases included heart failure, coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathies, and hypertension. Diabetes of both types is also distinguished, and overweight and obesity are separately identified.
In addition to those mentioned above, the list includes cancer, chronic kidney disease, Down syndrome, sickle cell anemia, thalassemia, immunodeficiency conditions, smoking, transplantation and pregnancy.
In general, a person with a disease on the list can now count on priority vaccination against coronavirus infection. It is noted that some states have made immunization available to all adults or have their own lists of high-risk diseases.
Since last year, American doctors have called on the CDC to recognize type 1 diabetes as increasing the risk of severe COVID-19 as type 2 diabetes, so that patients with these diagnoses could be equally eligible for vaccines. In January, the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and several other organizations formulated this request in an official letter to the CDC.