In the USA, they developed the EarliPoint system for early (from 16 months) diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Today, medical professionals must rely on subjective methods, such as parent surveys and observation of the child’s behavior, to identify symptoms of autism, and diagnosis is usually made only by 4–5 years of age.
However, autism manifests differently in different children, making it difficult to diagnose using such tools. If this condition is not diagnosed before the age of three, the chances of helping the child lead a full life in the future are reduced.
EarliPoint is loaded onto a touchscreen tablet, which allows the child to watch videos of social interactions. The tablet’s built-in eye tracking technology measures over 120 focus preferences per second (people with ASD are less likely to be interested in people in videos and are more likely to watch objects instead). Using patented analysis technology, this data is compared with benchmarks for the appropriate age group, and the information is then used by the doctor to make a diagnosis.
Clinical studies of an experimental device will start at Sechenov University in September: it detects skin cancer at an early stage. A video capillaroscope of this type is the first in Russia and one of the first in the world, the university’s press service reported. It helps detect the earliest stages of all types of carcinomas, including melanoma and basal cell carcinoma, based on the deformation of the vascular pattern.
Scientific research has confirmed that the appearance of a malignant skin tumor is accompanied by an abundant blood supply. In this place, the chaotic growth of capillary vessels begins: they are randomly located, their walls are thinned and have an incomplete structure or irregular shape. Based on this, scientists can predict the development of cancer and its sensitivity to antitumor therapy.
So that doctors can see the vascular pattern and track the dynamics of its changes, specialists from the Scientific and Technical Center of the UP RAS created a video capillaroscope. His work is based on visualization of the distribution of the capillary network of skin tumors. The setup includes a digital camera, microscope, leveling glass, tripod, power supply and unique software.
The study is carried out in a non-contact manner and is absolutely safe for the patient. The installation takes pictures of the desired area of skin at a speed of 90 frames per second and processes the images, forming a digital database. The doctor can immediately open the enlarged image on the screen and examine it in detail. In the future, these images will be used to form datasets, with their help artificial intelligence will help doctors make an accurate diagnosis.
According to doctors, the development helps to identify any variants of skin carcinomas long before the appearance of classic signs of a tumor. Those wishing to participate in the trial can enroll through a consultation with a dermatologist-oncologist. The decision on admission is made by the doctor.
The University of Miami Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center received a $3.5 million research grant. The funds will go towards “Managing Symptoms and Psychological Distress During Oral Anticancer Treatment”.
“Patients participating in this study will take oral chemotherapy drugs at home, rather than intravenously in the hospital,” said one of the project leaders Tracy Crane. — The condition of program participants will be monitored using remote monitoring using wearable devices and machine learning technology. They will also have the opportunity to quickly receive answers to their questions thanks to a specially developed online platform.”
The voice system will call project participants weekly and collect data on their symptoms, which will be transmitted to their treating doctors.
In the USA, they created a device that quickly and effectively solves the problem of disinfecting a stethoscope; it is called the “third hand” of a doctor. This medical instrument, which experts estimate is used about 5 billion times a year in this country, often becomes a source of infections. At the same time, alcohol treatment, which is most often used in clinics, is not effective enough.
Most general medical institutions in the United States have a protocol in which stethoscopes are cleaned with alcohol. However, this method is not effective enough and is primitive, believes the co-founder and CEO of the medical innovative startup Aseptiscope Scott W. Mader. At the same time, infections associated with receiving medical care cause almost 100 thousand deaths and cost the healthcare system approximately $40 billion annually.
The startup’s DiskCover system resembles machines that put shoe covers on clinic visitors. Only this device applies a disposable protective coating to the stethoscope disc. Each such “glove” for the doctor’s “third hand” is made aseptically in the Aseptiscope clean room. The cover is acoustically “invisible”: it does not affect the sound quality of the stethoscope and has a peel-off tab for easy removal.
The Indian company Voxelgrids presented a modern MRI scanner, which is $800 thousand cheaper than traditional analogues. The development is intended to make this technology more accessible, the company said.
|The global MRI equipment market reached $7.08 billion last year and is projected to grow to $11.50 billion by 2030, registering a CAGR of 6.3% during the forecast period. The market is dominated (up to 80%) by the world’s largest brands.
However, 70% of the world’s population still does not have access to MRI technology due to the high cost of the equipment. These include not only residents of the poorest countries in Africa and Asia, but also the population of rural areas of the highly developed United States.
To solve this problem, an Indian company has developed a more compact and lightweight MRI scanner costing $400,000. It is confident that its equipment will revolutionize the healthcare system.