Russian universities switched to a five-year residency program in plastic surgery

The Ministry of Health commented on the entry into force of the new Federal State Educational Standard (FSES) for plastic surgery, in accordance with which the duration of residency training for a plastic surgeon has increased from two to five years. The decision to increase the training period was dictated by the desire to protect patients, said the Deputy Minister of Health at a press conference on September 4, MV correspondent reports.

“We understand perfectly well that it is impossible to teach everything at the start. There are a lot of tasks ahead. We must agree with employers for whom we are training these specialists. This will probably be a specialization in the fourth or fifth year of residency for a specific workplace,” she clarified.

As emphasized by the chief freelance plastic surgeon of the Ministry of Health and the Moscow Department of Health, President of the Russian Society of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons , when discussing the duration of training, experts saw that a two-year program was not enough. There was an understanding that this issue needed to be resolved, since “if you come across students who do not operate perfectly perfectly, then the problems that arise discredit the entire specialty and create the image of an insufficiently qualified specialist.”

In countries with developed schools of plastic surgery, residency in this specialty usually takes 4-6 years, as it requires “an enormous amount of knowledge and skill.” There is no risk of a personnel shortage for plastic surgeons due to the extension of the training period, since there are enough such specialists, Manturova believes.

“We understand that there are a number of difficulties of a five-year residency. Universities have difficulties in providing such a broad, multifaceted education program. Specialists are faced with an acute financial issue. In many countries, resident support has been developed and consists of providing students with long-term loans, scholarships or grants. Although the financial attractiveness of plastic surgery allows us to consider such education as a long-term investment,” she noted.

As previously reported, the new educational standard will include expanded blocks in interdisciplinary subjects and related specialties: microvascular hand surgery, art and sculpture. It is assumed that a unified educational program will operate in all departments of plastic surgery in state universities.

Plans to increase the duration of residency training in plastic surgery were confirmed in 2020. According to her, the new format is more consistent with international standards. At the same time, it was proposed to make the training two-stage.

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