One of the two doctors who typically analyze mammography images to avoid errors is being proposed to be replaced by artificial intelligence (AI). This practice has already become a reality in Moscow. Now the Ministry of Health is considering the issue of its distribution throughout the country, said the Deputy Minister of Health Pavel Pugachev.
“According to our requirements, during the analysis of mammography results, there must be two readings by two different medical professionals. Moscow was the first to propose using an AI program instead of a second reading,” Pugachev explained. – First, he “looks”, makes a preliminary conclusion, after which the doctor validates it, whether he agrees with the opinion of the AI or not. We have studied this experience and are working on the issue so that we can regulate this throughout the country and abandon the second reading, replacing it with AI.”
The research team at MISIS University has developed a digital syringe machine, thanks to which even a person without special training can give an injection. The device, called Komarik, successfully passed pilot testing at the Kommunarka Multidisciplinary Clinical Center of the Moscow Department of Health and, with grant support from the Skolkovo Foundation, entered the market.
Via a USB input or Bluetooth receiver, the “smart” syringe can transmit information about injections to a smartphone for further analysis of the collected data. Thanks to Komarik, patients can better control their health status, saving time and money on visiting a medical facility.
The electric motor in the device varies the puncture speed, and the limiter allows you to change the depth (taking into account whether it is a subcutaneous or intramuscular injection). When you press the button, the “Mosquito” will “bite” imperceptibly, which makes it extremely attractive from the point of view of use in pediatric patients.
The device runs on a battery, which is charged from a 220-volt network. One charge is designed for 20 injections. The inventors hope to keep the price of the device within 5 thousand rubles by localizing production.
Samara State Medical University has created and patented a device for fixing and stabilizing the skull for neurosurgical operations. It can easily integrate with the AUTOPLAN surgical navigation system developed at the university, as well as with any other surgical navigation systems. In addition, the created device is cheaper and easier to maintain compared to imported analogues, the press service of SamSMU informed.
The device allows you to fix the patient’s head in different positions, this ensures the accuracy and safety of neurosurgical operations. The main part of the medical device is made of an aluminum alloy used in the aviation industry, which ensures lightness and strength, and the pins for contact with the skull are made of surgical stainless steel.
“The need to create a device is dictated by the higher cost of foreign analogues,” said the head of the department of medical navigation systems at the Institute of Innovative Development of SamSMU Artem Morev. — Its feature is more convenient and flexible adjustments of the position of the patient’s head relative to the operating table and the possibility of easy and quick integration into the surgical navigation system by attaching a basic reference frame. This increases the accuracy of intraoperative control, reduces the surgeon’s risks and the morbidity for the patient.”
The preparation of documents for obtaining a registration certificate is currently underway.
In just nine months, researchers at the University of Sheffield, England, have created a mobile, self-driving vehicle that can help save lives during an emergency. The innovation allows doctors to remotely assess the condition of the wounded, triage them, administer pain medication, and measure blood pressure.
The tracked vehicle is equipped with a navigation system, as well as two robotic manipulators, thanks to which doctors can remotely carry out an initial assessment of the victim within 20 minutes: measure temperature, blood pressure, heart rate, palpate the abdomen, and also administer painkillers through an auto-injector.
At the same time, the drone transmits data on the patient’s condition in real time to a doctor or emergency dispatcher at any location.
Software using artificial intelligence (AI) from Israeli developer UltraSight has received approval from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in the United States. Know-how makes it possible to make the diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases more accessible due to the fact that, thanks to the help of AI, any doctor can perform an ultrasound of the heart.
Cardiac ultrasound should be available to any patient, anywhere – this is the slogan of UltraSight. UltraSight AI Guidance software can be used during 2D transthoracic echocardiography in adult patients, particularly when obtaining 10 standard views of the heart. Essentially, it is a navigator for medical professionals who do not have experience in ultrasound diagnostics, which allows them to obtain images of the heart of diagnostic quality. The neural network tells the user the correct position of the sensor.