Malignant neoplasms remain the leading cause of disability in adults in Russia


In 2018, 624,709 new cases of malignant neoplasms were identified in the Russian Federation (Source: State of cancer care for the population of Russia in 2018, edited by A.D. Kaprin, V.V. Starinsky, G.V. Petrova). The increase compared to 2017 was 1.2%. By the end of 2018, more than 3.76 million patients with cancer were registered in the country – 2.6% of the population (in 2017 – 3.63 million people).

The largest share in the structure of cancer incidence in both sexes is occupied by tumors of the breast (18.4%), uterine body (7%), prostate gland (6.3%), colon (6.8%), lymphatic hematopoietic tissue (5.7%), cervix (4.8%), kidney (4.7%), thyroid gland (4.5%), rectum (4.4%), trachea, bronchi, lung (3. 8%), stomach (3.7%). It is clarified that patients with skin tumors excluding melanoma accounted for 11.6%.

The main causes of primary childhood disability remain mental and behavioral disorders, diseases of the nervous system, and congenital anomalies. The number of disabled children in Russia is growing by approximately 2.5% (+ 18 thousand people) per year. At the same time, the total number of disabled people decreases by 2% annually.

Structure of disability in Russia, 2018

Source: Accounts Chamber of the Russian Federation

At the beginning of 2019, there were 11.9 million people with disabilities in the country, of which 672 thousand were children. The highest level of primary childhood disability per 10 thousand child population was observed in the Chechen Republic (73.6 cases), the Republic of Ingushetia (56.9) and the Republic of Dagestan (38.3), the lowest – in the Astrakhan region (16.2) .

The highest rate of primary disability among the adult population was observed in the Chechen Republic – 82.7, and the lowest – in the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug – 22.6. The only region in which an increase in the number of disabled people among the adult population has been recorded is the Republic of Dagestan, which accounted for . accounted for more than 30% of the total number of disabled people in the North Caucasus Federal District.

Previously, the Accounts Chamber indicated that withThe system of medical and social examination does not work effectively enough: it lacks legal regulation, control and interdepartmental interaction.



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