A monument to the Soviet surgeon, founder of the national oncology school, Peter Herzen, appeared in Moscow. The opening was timed to coincide with the 125th anniversary of the Oncology Institute named after him.
Monument to the Soviet surgeon, founder of the national oncology school Peter Herzen opened in Moscow. The monument is located on the territory of the Moscow Research Oncology Institute (MNIOI) named after. P.A. Herzen. The opening was timed to coincide with the 125th anniversary of the institute.
The author of the monument is Honored Artist of the Russian Federation Konstantin Chernyavsky. Herzen is depicted sitting at a table on which a microscope is installed. The doctor is dressed in a robe and has a medical cap on his head.
The opening of the monument was attended by the head of the Federal Medical and Biological Agency Veronica Skvortsova. According to her, it was Herzen who opened a new specialty for Russia – oncology, and also introduced a preventive direction into it.
Peter Herzen was born in 1871 in Florence. In 1897 he moved to Russia. He worked at the Staro-Catherine Hospital for more than 22 years, and in 1910 he was elected private associate professor of the surgical clinic of Moscow University. In 1917, Herzen was elected head of the department of operative surgery at the 1st Moscow State University. From 1922 to 1934 he headed the Institute for the Treatment of Tumors (now MNIOI). In 1934, after the death of Professor A.V. Martynov, Herzen headed the department of hospital surgery of the 1st Moscow Medical Institute (now the First Moscow State Medical University named after I.M. Sechenov). In 1934, he was awarded the honorary title of Honored Scientist of the RSFSR, and in 1939 he was elected a corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences.
Herzen owns about 100 scientific works, including five monographs. He proposed 16 original methods and modifications of surgical interventions. Among them are an operation to create an artificial presternal esophagus from the small intestine (1907), cholecystectomy, intraperitoneal fixation of the rectum in case of prolapse, surgery for femoral hernias, etc.