The American Heart Association (AHA) has updated its cardiovascular health score. The eighth indicator is included in the key health factors – sleep.
The AHA has updated the key factors for cardiovascular health to include an eighth component. New Life’s Essential 8 factors now include normal sleep duration. The document was published in the journal Circulation and on the association’s website.
According to experts, cardiovascular health depends on eight factors: a healthy diet, physical activity, smoking cessation, weight management, lipid and blood glucose levels, blood pressure control and healthy sleep. To assess the health of the cardiovascular system, a 100-point scale is used, where 100 is the best indicator. Values below 50 indicate poor cardiovascular health.
The authors of the recommendations noted: healthy sleep is associated with all factors that affect the health of the cardiovascular system. According to experts, the optimal duration of sleep at night is 7-9 hours. Both downward and upward changes can lead to the development of coronary heart disease, studies have shown.
Experts have changed the methodology for assessing the quality of nutrition, which should correspond to the DASH diet or the Mediterranean diet. When assessing blood lipid levels, it is recommended to use low-density lipoprotein cholesterol instead of total cholesterol. To accurately assess blood glucose, it is necessary to take into account the level of glycated hemoglobin.
The AHA developed Life’s Essential 7 program in 2010, identifying 7 essential factors that influence cardiovascular health.