The likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes is significantly higher among people with psoriatic arthritis. Patients must be examined for the presence of the disease in order to begin treatment in a timely manner.
The risk of developing type 2 diabetes in patients with psoriatic arthritis was higher compared with the general population, a study by scientists from Shanxi Medical College showed. The results were published in the International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases.
An analysis taking into account gender and age showed that the likelihood of diabetes in psoriatic arthritis is 54% higher than in the general population. The fully adjusted hazard ratio for developing type 2 diabetes compared with controls was 1.38.
The researchers analyzed the PubMed and EMBASE databases and the Cochrane Library and identified 5 studies involving a total of 37 thousand patients with psoriatic arthritis. The control group consisted of 476 thousand people without rheumatological diseases.
During the entire observation period, 2,335 cases of type 2 diabetes were identified among patients with psoriatic arthritis, and more than 23 thousand cases in the control group. The incidence of the disease was 13.4 and 7.8 cases per 1000 person-years, respectively.
The study authors emphasize that patients with psoriatic arthritis need to be screened for diabetes in order to begin treatment in a timely manner.