Premature mortality costs the Russian economy in potential losses ranging from 15 trillion to 24 trillion rubles. in year. The damage from one missed year for a Russian citizen ranges from 226 thousand to 513 thousand rubles.
Premature mortality of the population from major diseases and external causes costs the Russian economy with potential losses in the amount of 15 trillion to 24 trillion rubles. in year. The damage from one missed year for a Russian citizen ranges from 226 thousand to 513 thousand rubles, writes RBC, citing a study by experts from the Central Economics and Mathematics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Among the main classes of diseases leading to early mortality, the greatest damage is caused by diseases of the circulatory system (3.5-4.8 trillion rubles), comparable in size to losses from external causes (road accidents, accidental poisoning, etc.) – up to 5 .2 trillion rub. Neoplasms as a cause of early mortality cause damage in the amount of 1.8–2.6 trillion rubles. per year, diseases of the digestive system – 1.3-1.7 trillion rubles. in year.
Experts noted that now the authorities need to pay special attention to “reducing the incidence of neoplasms and reducing the spread of cardiovascular diseases.”
The economic damage from the premature death of Russians was calculated as the sum of the cost of lost years of life and losses in GDP, taking into account the “unfinished” work experience. The cost of years of life lost was determined based on the “cost of an average life” indicator, which, in turn, was calculated in four ways – hence the wide range of final estimates of economic damage. Loss in GDP was estimated as GDP per person employed multiplied by lost work experience (the number of years a person does not work before retiring as a result of premature death).
According to demographer Igor Efremov, Government stakeholders often resist implementing policies that accelerate the reduction of preventable deaths because they harm the alcohol and tobacco industries.